THE MARCHE REGION
“The Satisfaction of the Senses”
Only Italian region to have preserved the plural name, the Marches are an expression of a plurality of identities which is also expressed in terms of landscape, between snowy peaks (those of the Apennines, on which you can enjoy downhill and cross country) and sandy beaches (Conero Riviera and Riviera of the Hills). Sixteen blue flags which certify the quality of water and services of twenty-six locations on the Adriatic Sea. But the Marches are also a popular museum, scattered in the open air, between villages and cities of arts (Urbino, Ancona and Senigallia), evoking the Renaissance splendor of the region. Cradle of Italian culture (in Recanati was born and raised Giacomo Leopardi) and popular destination for pilgrims, the Marche is a nerve center of Christian spirituality, thanks to the presence of Loreto, the largest Marian shrine in Italy. And then there are two national parks (Monti Sibillini and Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga) and four regional parks (Monte Conero, Sasso Simone and Simoncello, Monte San Bartolo and Throat of Rossa and Frasassi).
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Ancona. The capital of the Marches, owes its name to the particular geographical location. Were the Greeks of Syracuse to call the city “Ankon” which in greek means elbow, for the characteristic shape of the promontory on which it stands. And it is from its origin that Ancona takes the epithet of “Greek city”. Reaching out to the Adriatic Sea, Ancona possesses one of the largest Italian ports, but it is also a city of art with an old town full of monuments, evidence of its long history. The Cathedral of San Ciriaco, which stands on a promontory, is one of the symbols of the city and stands on the ruins of a temple dedicated to Aphrodite and built in 400 BC by the Greeks. The historic center of the city, with its Roman architecture , Byzantine and Venetian, extends to form almost a natural amphitheater on a rocky spur of Mount Conero, about 100 meters above sea level. From the Belvedere overlooking the city is easy to realize the marketing character and at the same time noble of Ancona that, over the centuries, it has allowed the development of urban and artistic. Precisely due to its port, the city is permeated by an atmosphere of centuries-ethnic and cosmopolitan.
The Marches is one of the more hilly regions of Italy. Approximately 70% of the territory is in fact composed of hills, while the remaining 30% by mountains. The lowlands are limited to a narrow coastal strip and at the mouths of rivers. Go through the Umbria-Marche Apennines, which includes important karst complex as the famous caves of Frasassi, the Marches stretch for over 170 kilometers along the Adriatic coast, with long sandy beaches or gravel. Near Monte San Bartolo, near Pesaro and the Conero promontory, the coast becomes high and overlooking the sea. Many of the rivers that cross the region as the Metauro, the Tronto and Castellano; to reach the beach have to cross the chain of San Vicino, creating picturesque gorges.
In the Marches are held many exhibitions and music festivals. Musicultura (already award Recanati) takes place in March and is dedicated to the popular song and copyright. In July, however, there is the Ancona Jazz, an event dedicated to jazz music, with national and international previews. Great importance for the flavors and creations of “Made in Marche” plays instead Tipicità featuring quality local, which takes place in March in Fano. For the occasion, you can taste the wines and other culinary delights of the area, in addition to buying clothes produced by local manufacturing and jewelry crafts Marche. Always dedicated to food and wine is Distinct Meats, which takes place in Cagli the last week of April, in collaboration with Slow Food. Protagonist, this time, is the pork, always present in the culinary traditions of the Marche. In the shadow of the palace courtyards and streets of the historical center of the city are set up tastings, taste workshops and markets
By Plane. The main airport of the Marches is the international airport of Ancona-Falconara, connected – thanks to scheduled flights daily – with many Italian cities (Milan Orio, Rome Fiumicino, Trapani) and foreign. At 15 kilometers from the capital, the airport is connected to the city center by a direct train line and buses. At the airport there are also several car rental companies and a taxi service.
By Train. Ancona Station (on the lines Ancona-Bologna and Ancona-Pescara) is the main railway junction of the Marche and is located about 1.5 km from the city center. From the station originates a connection to the port used by passenger trains to reach the station of Ancona Marittima. The main railway lines in the region are the Adriatic from north to south (Milan-Bologna-Ancona-Pescara-Bari-Lecce) and Transappenninica (Ancona-Fabriano-Foligno-Orte-Rome). The Macerata is crossed from Civitanova-Fabriano, from the Fabriano Fabriano-Pergola and Piceno from San Benedetto del Tronto-Ascoli Piceno.
By Ship. The port of Ancona is one of the most important of the Adriatic, both for tourism and for business. It is connected to Greece, Croatia, Turkey, Albania and Montenegro. The Dorica Port Services manages tourist movements for the various companies involved. Some cruise ships, mainly the Costa Cruises and MSC, they chose the airport Doric for the routes in the Adriatic. The nine marinas also allow to dock in the Marche Gabicce Mare, Pesaro, Fano, Senigallia, Ancona, Numana, Civitanova Marche, Porto San Giorgio and San Benedetto del Tronto.
By Car- In the Marche you come from the north and south along the A14 Bologna-Taranto, or parallel to the highway SS16. The provincial capitals and centers of interest are accessible by roads, “comb”, are detached from the coast to the interior: the SS3 Flaminia from Rome through Umbria and ends at Fano; the SS76 following the Esino da Fabriano towards Jesi and Ancona; the SS77 connects Foligno in Civitanova Marche, passing for Tolentino and Macerata; the SS4 Salaria connects Rome and Rieti in Ascoli Piceno and San Benedetto del Tronto.
Lots of places worthy of interest scattered in the region. The Caves of Frasassi, for example, are the largest and best known of Italy have so far been explored only 13 km of the 35 that make up. The Great Cave of the Wind is the largest in Europe and is so broad as to be able to hold the entire Milan Cathedral. Another jewel of nature, the regional park of the Conero, environmental oasis transit of migratory birds (such as peregrine falcons and owls), with 18 trails. Among the cities you must make a stop in Urbino, in the second half of the fifteenth century, was the seat of one of the most important courts of Europe: the Montefeltro. The beauty of the Ducal Palace, with its famous twin towers, and the Studiolo of Duke, entirely covered with inlays made using the technique of trompe-l’oeil, really deserves a thorough visit. Particularly striking area of Fermo and its castles, from Porto San Giorgio, stand on the surrounding hills until Montelparo. Fermo was a Roman colony and for centuries has had under its jurisdiction the surrounding area up to San Benedetto del Tronto. Inextricably linked to the biography of Giacomo Leopardi, however, Recanati. In the birthplace of the poet you can visit in Palazzo Leopardi, the places where the artist was born, grew up and studied, including the library of his father with his manuscripts.
TRADITIONS AND FOLKLORE
Carnival is very much felt in the Marche region, starting with that of Fano, with parades of floats and the final stake of the great Pupo. But missed are also the spectacular Carnival of Ascoli Piceno and at Offida, divided into two parts: Lu Bov Fint (The Fake Bove, Friday carnival), or the raids carnival of a fake ox; and the Parade of Vlurd (which is held on Shrove Tuesday), with the race to the streets to set fire to a puppet. We should also mention the Carnival of Fermo, as well Ancona and the Feast of the Witches in Corinaldo. As for the religious festivals, the Marches have kept intact the numerous live nativity, like that of Genga, in the scenic Gorge Frasassi, and the castle of Precicchie. The nativity scene of Falerone invites you to enter the time machine to arrive in Palestine in the days of the Roman Empire, reliving the moments and the atmosphere of a distant past. The moments of the Passion are revived, however, in the Turba, ancient and charming evocation of the scenes of the Passion on Good Friday, which dates back to 1260, which takes place in Cantiano. On the day of Corpus Christi is the fixture with floral decorations, such as those of Castelraimondo, Corridonia, Montefiore Aso, Monterubbiano, Ortezzano, Servigliano. Suggestive, in Loreto, the night of December 9, when you remember the Coming of the Holy House, with all the hills around which ignite fires. Cycle related wheat finally lsono the Feast of the Lair (a religious event which is held every year on the first Sunday of August in the village of Osimo Campocavallo) and the procession of Canestrelle of Amandola, a reenactment of the grain supply to Blessed Antonio.
The best-known product of the Marches is undoubtedly the caiuscolo (or ciavuscolo), soft and spreadable salami made with lean and fat pork and flavored with pepper, garlic and lemon peel. Also very famous stuffed ascolane olives thin skin and large. Preserved in brine or consume stuffed and fried. Of note among the meats also Salame di Fabriano, presidio Slow Food (cut from the thighs, shoulders and chose pork lard) and Prosciutto di Carpegna DOP. As for wine, you go from the Verdicchio di Jesi DOC, the Vernaccia di Serrapetrona, red sparkling wine made of both Charmat method that Champenois. Extremely characteristic also wine Sour or VISNER produced by wild cherries and traditionally intended to toast celebration for the birth of their first child. To end on a sweet note, you can not not mention the Torrone di Camerino. His recipe is ancient and has, since the amalgamation of walnuts instead of almonds, a stage where the nougat is pressed and coated with egg whites whipped frosting and brushed cocoa butter
In the Marches are handed down, even today, ancient crafts. It is in these traditions lies the strength of the regional economic model, which centered on the development of small and medium enterprises. Among the oldest traditions is the leather, which Tolentino is the undisputed capital, and that sinks its origin in the Middle Ages. Famous throughout the region also secular Fabriano paper, host city, not surprisingly, the Museum of Paper and Watermark, where paper is still made from rags of cloth. Other sectors flourishing local crafts are those of terrecotta and majolica. Widespread even that of wrought iron (in Ascoli area) and bobbin lace, whose center is Offida. In the textile sector must be recorded, in Pesaro, the production of peasant rugs in wool and musical instruments, from the famous accordions of Castelfidardo – with its international museum – the activity of violin making of Ascoli Piceno. In Macerata, in particular in Mogliano, is a widespread processing of rattan, wicker and bamboo, woven, give birth to bags, containers of various shapes, and knickknacks. From Montappone to Massa Fermana is instead the kingdom of the hat, honored by a museum. Typical at Cagli, Loreto and Recanati are the wooden pipes. The Marches also have the tradition of restoration of antique books in Urbino, home to a nationally known school.
DID YOU KNOW THAT
Pesaro is also called the city of the four M: mare, mountains, music and majolica Not everyone knows, in fact, that the city, as well as being surrounded by green hills of San Bartolo and Ardizio and to appear on the Adriatic Sea, is renowned for the exquisite craftsmanship of ceramics and for being the birthplace of Gioacchino Rossini. A short walk from the Duomo, in fact, the home of the famous composer, full of interesting memories and memorabilia. Pesaro celebrate this great cultural heritage with the Rossini Opera Festival, opera festival that takes place every year in August