“Known for its blue sea and beautiful beaches”
It is the easternmost region of Italy, extending into the sea, with the largest coastal development, known for its blue sea and the beautiful beaches placed between spurs overhanging. Remains of ancient civilizations testify to the populations in these lands since prehistoric times, traces of which are still preserved today in important archaeological sites and museums. Imposing castles from the impregnable, true masterpieces of architecture, including Castel del Monte, a UNESCO World Heritage and the watch towers that characterize the coasts of the south. And then the palaces, villages and squares, symbols of the strong powers that succeeded over the centuries.
Land of faith and traditions, with basilicas, cathedrals and shrines. And then the examples of rural architecture, represented by the historic farms or by Trulli, another World Heritage Site, such as those of Alberobello or those in the countryside of the Itria Valley.The National Parks of the Gargano and the Murgia, the depths of the marine reserves of the Tremiti Islands and Torre Guaceto and the various protected areas, complete a region different from the landscapes that meet all kinds of tourism.
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Bari is striking for the strong contrast between the old town and the modern part, both the architecture and urban structure that for the atmosphere. The old town is collected on the headland, as caught between the old port and the new port, with small, winding streets typical of medieval cities. Here, it summarizes the history of Bari, when it was the main port of the Crusades, between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, with the sights and monuments. The atmosphere is lively and bubbly and the best way to turn it is on foot. Starting from Freedom Square to reach the grand Castle Byzantine-Norman origin and then transformed by Frederick II, located next to the majestic Cathedral in Apulian-Romanesque style and, a little further away, the Basilica of San Nicola. From here you get to the Emperor Augustus promenade that follows the line of the ancient walls of the old port and the new one. On the opposite side, there is the Nazario Sauro Promenade, with some monumental buildings such as the Palace of the Province where you can visit the Provincial Art Gallery, located on the top floor. Other museums of the capital, in the central Piazza Umberto I, there is the Archaeological Museum, with many finds relevant, and then the Historical Museum. The Corso Vittorio Emanuele II divides the historic part of the old with the modern part and is the most lively area, where there is also the historic Teatro Piccinni. From here depart perpendicular, Sparano from Bari street , the most elegant and popular part of the city, with historians local and most elegant shops for shopping. An original archaeological tour in the basement of the city, is a new way to learn or deepen the long history of the city, through the routes of Author in Bari.
With 800 kilometers of coastline is one of the Italian regions with greater coastal development, with rocky shores (as Gargano), cliffs (south of Bari and the lower Salento) and vast tracts of low and sandy coasts. The interior of the region is mostly flat and hilly, the only relief is the mountainous region of Gargano, the Tavoliere of Apulia that after the Po Valley, is the largest plain of Italy, and the Murge, a hilly plateau of limestone nature located south of Tableland, which extends to the Salentine greenhouses. Generally it is a landscape characterized by karst, furrowed by deep ravines, with rich natural habitats, many caves, rock villages and underground churches, places of great beauty that testify to the use of these sites by man, from prehistory to modern age. In addition to the various islands that belong to the Apuglia be mentioned the Tremiti Islands archipelago, with beautiful beaches and clear waters.
The Fair of Levante in Bari is a major trade fairs in the Mediterranean and the main event is the Trade Fair in September. In late August, in Torremaggiore held the traditional historical procession of Fiorentino and Federico II, with the procession through the city streets, in medieval costumes, accompanied by performances reminiscent of the Emperor Frederick II. The event ends with the Feast of the Palio, contested by the four Contradas of Torrevecchia, Santa Maria della Strada, Santa Maria Arch and Codacchio San Nicola, with tests of strength and skill, to finish with shooting with historic arches. In August, finally, in Trani held the The Medieval Week, an event that includes three events: “The Night of the Templars”, “Living the Village” and “The Marriage of King Manfred.”
HOW TO GET
By Plane. The main airports are located in Puglia Bari, Brindisi and Foggia. The Bari airport is connected by direct flights to major airports of the Italian cities.
By Train. We have rail connections to Bari from Milan, Bologna, Rome and Naples. For regional shifts: Railways North-Bari, Ferrovie del Sud-Est, Ferrovie del Gargano.
By Car. Puglia is reachable from central Italy by the A14 motorway from Pescara (up to Taranto) and the A16 from Naples.
The Gargano peninsula has high coasts alternating large sandy beaches, with arches and sea caves. To discover the Gargano you can start from Manfredonia and then visit Mattinata, Zagare Bay Pugnochiuso, Gattarella and Vieste, picturesque center in a wonderful location, on a hill that penetrates into the sea. The tour continues to the village of Peschici, pretty harbor on which overlooks the medieval center. Do not miss the inlet of Manacore and a boat ride to the caves in the area such as San Nicola, Lina, Campana, Salata and Abate. Then go up to the Foresta Umbra, to get to Monte Sant’Angelo. From Rignano Garganico you see the Tavoliere, the Gulf and much of this part of Puglia. South of Bari you forward in Murgia, with the trulli of Alberobello, Locorotondo, Martina Franca and Cisternino,in the Itria valley. Lecce and the south coast of Adriatic Salento , with magical views of the Cape of Otranto and the rugged coastline of Santa Cesarea Terme. Tremiti islands can be reached by motor vessels or catamarans departing from Termoli, from Vieste or from Rodi Garganico. San Domino is the largest island and the most beautiful, covered with pines and oaks, San Nicola is full of monuments, Capraia is semi desert, Cretaccio is little more than a rock, and then Pianosa, all included in the reserve of Marine Park of the Tremiti Islands.
TRADITIONS AND FOLKLORE
Throughout the region there are many festivals and religious processions that are often related markets or various shows , as for the Feast of St. Nicholas Pellegrino in Barletta, Andria and Trani (in July), or the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (in July) in San Severo (FG), or the Procession of Our Lady of Mount Carmel of San Ferdinando di Puglia, in the province of Trani (in July). In the historic heart of Gravina di Puglia, during the month of July, held the International Festival of Folklore of the Alta Murgia. In the same country, but in September, meeting with the International Gathering of Medieval pageants, a medieval re-enactment with groups from all over the world.
Pugliese cuisine is based on regional main products, that is, wheat, oil, wine, vegetables, fruits and other products of the sea. Then we find all the seasonal vegetables such as turnip greens, kale, cardoon, peppers, fennel, eggplant, artichokes, olives, all legumes, beans, lentils. There are various vegetable soups at bread based. Among the meat stands the lamb and pork sausages (with chili), rabbit and game. Throughout the region becomes large consumption of fish, some recipes are the red snapper with olives, the gilthead bream with herbs , the octopus in casserole, s, anchovies with oregano and capers, covered with crumbs of bread. Famous Puglia Altamura bread, pizzas and homemade pasta of various types, such as orecchiette of different sizes, lagane, troccoli and cavatelli, the mignuicchi (semolina dumplings). Among the typical dishes are the orecchiette with ragu of horse meat, orecchiette with turnip greens, the mashed beans with chicory, cavatelli with mussels and rice with potatoes and mussels. Some cheeses are born to be grated over pasta as cacioricotta and others to be coated on the bruschetta as cottage cheese, some are excellent with appetizers such as burrata or canestrato . Among the various sweets, the carteddate prepare especially at Christmas time , the castagnedde with almonds and bagels (sweet or savory).
The products in woven rattan are one of the forms of crafts that are most meet , with baskets, containers and baskets of different shapes. The center of this production is Acquarica del Capo, although there are also other specialized towns as Alberobello, San Severo, Cassano and Trani. Among the various craft items, in the shops are the terracotta whistles of Rutigliano, laces of the Gargano, ceramic products from Grottaglie in Salento and objects made in Salento with local stone with wrought iron and papier-mâché. The craftsmanship of the Apulian vases is ancient and goes back in time thousands of years. There are some shops of ceramic art in the country of Laterza, where are products of the artifacts that are inspired by medieval artifacts.
DID YOU KOW THAT…
… The Sacred Way of the Lombards is a path of medieval origins that combines Le Mont Saint Michel,in France, to the shrine of St. Michael the Archangel in Monte Sant’Angelo, in the province of Foggia? In the past, crossing the territories of Lombard domination, the people devoted to St. Michael and the Sacred Way Langobardorum was one of the routes most traveled by pilgrims, along with those to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela, to the Tombs of the Apostles in Rome or the Holy Sepulchre in the Holy Land.