“The Italian region with the highest number
of sites recognized by UNESCO”
Overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea and bordering Lazio, Molise, Puglia and Basilicata, Campania, with its six million inhabitants, is one of the most populated regions of Italy. After Tuscany, is also the Italian region with the largest number of sites recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Site, such as the Royal Palace and Park of Caserta, the archaeological site of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Salerno and the Amalfi Coast. The Campania however, is not only art and culture, but also nature, food and wine. Famous throughout the world, the PDO from Campania, such as buffalo mozzarella and San Marzano tomatoes, or those IGP, as the artichoke of Paestum and the apple “annurca” of Avellino. The Latins, not surprisingly, called Campania felix town to enhance the look flat, the extremely favorable climate and the extreme fertility of its lands. Precisely for this reason, the Campania was inhabited by ancient peoples since the second millennium BC since the Osci. Over 25% of its territory is littered with protected areas, among which we highlight the Vesuvius National Park and the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano. But Campania is also the sea, sun and especially famous worldwide islands for their natural beauty. The archipelago of Campania consists real jewels of the Mediterranean as Capri, Ischia and Procida and two smaller islands, just as beautiful but less famous: Vivara, connected to Procida by a bridge and Nisida, connected to the mainland.
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Naples is the city-symbol of Campania: a city stretched out on the sea, rich in natural and artistic beauty and densely populated as the rest of the region. Its entire historic center has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco for its high concentration of palaces, villas, monuments and, in general, evidence of its ancient history. Piazza del Plebiscito, the Angevin and the Royal Palace are symbols of the city appreciated and known worldwide. But is the same “Neapolitan”, for better or for worse, to be the center of attention. Whether it is cooking, art, culture or news Naples is always on everyone’s lips. Cultural center of paramount importance not only for the region but for the whole of South Italy, Naples is also a university town with a brisk young life with her four state universities and its two private universities. And nature is the great protagonist in the city with its well-thirty-three historic gardens and parks open to the public as the Villa Comunale and the Virgilian Park in Possillipo from which you can enjoy a particularly beautiful view of both the city and the surrounding area then of Procida, Ischia, Capri, Nisida and Vesuvius and Sorrento.
Hills, mountains, plains and islands: the Campania region is able to satisfy all tastes in nature and landscape. Hilly, the region is also crossed by the central Apennines, which includes massive as the Monti Trebulani, Alburno and Cervati, while in the coastal area are as massive volcanic Somma-Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Roccamonfina. The most extensive plains, however, are linked to the two main rivers of the region: the Garigliano and the Volturno that, with the groove of the river Sarno, form the most fertile and densely populated plain of the entire region. Even Paestum and Salerno are at the center of a large flat area, while in front of Naples and Salerno are the islands of Campania: Nisida, Capri, Ischia, Procida and Vivara, important from the point of view of tourism and natural .
Numerous events linked to local products that take place in Campania. Flavors & Knowledge, for example, is held in April in the exhibition area of the Shrine of Pompeii. The event has become a fixture on the spring with the taste of Campania: pasta, olive oil, meat, pork, oily fish, desserts, wines and spirits and all the other excellent food in the region. Also in April in Sant’Arpino, in the province of Caserta is scheduled for the Festival of Casatiello, delicious dish of country cooking made with salami, cheese and eggs fixed with crosses of pasta (Easter is a dish). In May, however, there is the Festival of the white artichoke from Pertosa. As for the cinema, there are so many festivals dedicated to the seventh art in Campania especially during the summer. Completely dedicated to the movies for the boys the Giffoni Film Festival, which takes place in July in the town of Giffoni Valle Piana in the province of Salerno. Also in July the Ischia Film Festival, under the patronage of the President of the Republic, is the flagship of the “Cinema & Territory”, which has the aim to acquaint the general public audiovisual works, often unpublished, that through the filmic story and location choices emphasized the cultural identity of a place. From December 26 to January 2, however, the festival takes place Capri, Hollywood, organized by journalist and Secretary General of the Capri in the World, Pascal Vicedomini, and always very rich film previews. Another interesting night of the myth, which takes place in Palinuro and recalls, in late August, the landing of Aeneas on the beach of Mingardo. For music fans, to be reported in May the festival of music Ciccano City, town close to Napoli.
By Plane. Four airports in the region. The most important is the international Napoli-Capodichino in Campania but there are also the airport of Capua, to-Grazzanise Caserta and Salerno-Pontecagnano.
ByTrain. In addition to the central station of Naples, the most important of the region, railway hubs of some significance are also those of Avellino, Benevento, Caserta and Salerno. Trenitalia connects the Campania to the rest of Italy with high-speed trains and regional.
By Car-. Campania is easily accessible from all over Italy as they crossed for internal Autostrada del Sole (A1). The Salerno-Reggio Calabria (A3), however, connects the Campania with the rest of the South.
Campania is a region so diverse and rich in history and culture as to deserve to be turned slowly, trying to see as many places as possible. The Amalfi Coast, for example, is a must for those who want to visit the Campania. Besides being one of the most renowned beach of Italy, is crossed by a road from Salerno to Positano and allowing you to admire, along its route, places such as Positano, Amalfi, Ravello and Minori with its Roman ruins. Among the islands, you can not not do, at least one jump, Ischia, the largest among the volcanic islands, also known as Green Island for the coloring of its tufa rocks and famous for the richness of its thermal springs around which are developed equipped spas. No less than Capri, with its two centers (Capri and Anacapri) connected through a cable car, and the Faraglioni and the Grotta Azzura is one of the most exclusive tourist locations of Italy. Do not miss the National Park of Cilento-Vallo Diano, the second largest in Italy, including all the Tyrrhenian coast to the foot of the Campania-Lucania the tops of Alburni, Cerviati and Gelbison.
TRADITIONS AND FOLKLORE
Particularly felt, in Campania, the religious festivals. Extremely widespread tradition of the Living Nativity, which is organized in Santa Anastasia, Gesualdo and Morcone. Many are the festivities beginning with that of San Gennaro that mobilizes all citizens of Naples and Campania. Other important festivities are those letters to Afragola, that of St. John the Baptist in Angri and San Giovanni in Lancusi Fisciano. Celebrated a bit ‘anywhere with large demonstrations also Carnival. Parades, floats and masked balls are organized in all five provinces of Campania. Of particular interest Palmense Carnival, which is celebrated in Palma Campania, near Naples, and is the oldest in Italy. Twinned with the Carnival of Viareggio, the festival includes a parade of quadrilles, masked street band with roots in carnivals Neapolitan sixteenth century. The quadrilles challenge each other with blows of music each with its own folk repertoire.
Gastronomy bell made Italy known worldwide thanks to pizza. Neapolitans, ingenious people, they invented while they were looking for a simple dish but also nutritious. Originally, the pizza was white, just pasta and mozzarella; the tomato was introduced after it was imported from America. Other typical dishes are the rraù or ragout of guardaporta, a dish made with lard, fat of bacon and slices of veal stuffed with cheese, garlic, pine nuts, raisins and parsley. Among the desserts, the pastiera, Easter cake made with cottage cheese and orange, and the babà are the masters. But you can not even mention the lemon delight, of Amalfi Coast, and the chocolate cake and pear typical of Positano. Campania is also the home of pasta, which is often simply seasoned with oregano and tomato, and mozzarella, strictly buffalo, which is produced in Capua and Battipaglia. The typical vineyards varieties of the region are Trebbiano, Sangiovese, Malvasia, Greek and Aglianico, while among the wines that are produced are the most drunk Procida and Vesuvius, between the red and the Lacryma Christi, l ‘Ischia and Capri, among whites. Worthy of note are the famous Limoncello of Sorrento and the fragant Amalfi lemon.
The craftsmanship is particularly vivid throughout the region. The fame of Vietri sul Mare, in the province of Salerno, for example, is inextricably linked to crafts ceramic, which is always one of the cornerstones of its economy. The traditional decorative motifs are based on a reality Arcadian, outside of time and space, summarized in the sign of decorative detail. Pastors and peasant, rural landscapes, country churches, houses, animals that populate distant forests, outside the real landscape Vietri, made of sun and the Mediterranean, which stands on the seabed blue sky that merges with the sea. These are the colors taken from the palette of Vietri.
DID YOU KNOW THAT
…the Villa Ginestre, in Torre del Greek, located on the slopes of Vesuvius, has taken its name from the homonyms lyric opera by Giacomo Leopardi? The poet wrote it when I lived around 1836, a guest of the family Ferrigni Carafa: the unique spectacle of the “formidable mountain Sterminator Vesevo” conquered by the pioneer broom inspired his poetic genius and his reflections on the human condition.